By Søren Kierkegaard
Ostensibly, A Literary Review is a simple remark by means of Soren Kierkegaard at the paintings of a latest novelist. On deeper degrees, although, it turns into the existential philosopher's far-reaching critique of his society and age, and its apocalyptic ultimate sections encouraged the relevant principles in Martin Heidegger's influential paintings Being and Time. Embraced by way of many readers as prophetic, A Literary Review and its strategies stay proper to our present debates on identification, habit, and social conformity.
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Additional info for A Literary Review (Penguin Classics) aka "Two Ages"
If this is so, Parmenides concludes, how could the Forms have any intelligible connection or relation to the sensible world? On what would that connec‑ tion be based, and how, ultimately, could we know the Forms? Parmenides shows that contradiction is the only basis, and that, if Socrates wishes to maintain an absolute distinction between this world and the metaphysical world of the Forms, the latter will ultimately be unknowable to us. Thus, the dualism of this world/other world, of phusis/metaphusis, of body/soul, which marks the doctrine of the Forms as it is more familiarly found in the later Republic, for example, is here drawn into question.
This progressivist belief also reveals that Kuhn’s notion of revolution, scientific or otherwise, still operated within the provenance of the One: the “turning over” of the revolution becomes flattened out in a linear movement toward the next paradigm. A paradigm shift, then, can take place only within the meta‑paradigm of the One. ) of structure, taxonomy, and exempla, a paradigm assumes a unifying origin at its base: all material in the system conforms to a singular conception that governs its arrange‑ ment and interpretation.
The idea of a paradigm shift appealed, first because it showed us that we do construct paradigms, often tacitly, through which we participate in giving meaning and stability to this world; and secondly because it showed that these constructs, though at times themselves unstable, do not simply disintegrate into nothing when challenged, leaving us to regress back to a state of permanent anomaly, but lead to new paradigms, and eventually to new stabilities. For a world still reeling from the excesses of two cataclysmic world wars, and finding increasing tension in a cold war where competing political paradigms could lead to even further global destruction, the possibility of a new emerging paradigm was welcome news.