Download A Measure of Wealth: The English Land Tax in Historical by Donald E. Ginter PDF

By Donald E. Ginter

Ginter specializes in the years 1780 to 1832, a interval for which many land tax documents live on and accurately whilst smooth kinds of political association started to emerge and whilst industrialization and enclosure are notion to have altered the material of society and the economic system. via an exam of greater than 5,000 parishes in fifteen historic counties -- nearly one-third of britain -- he exhibits that inequalities within the burden of nationwide taxation have been a ways more than someone has predicted. Having researched either neighborhood and nationwide taxation systems, he unearths that, at the eve of the nineteenth-century "Revolution in Government," the tenantry and yeomanry have been administratively way more self reliant of parliamentary statute and in their neighborhood gentry and magistracy than has formerly been urged. Drawing on facts from the 3 ridings of Yorkshire, he discloses different difficulties linked to the land tax duplicates. whereas Ginter argues that the land tax duplicates are absolutely insufficient for the research of the fortunes of the small yeoman and that the literature in this topic needs to be essentially reconsidered, he unearths a style that can reliably make the most the land tax duplicates as a systemic documentation. He contends that the entire power for stories dependent centrally at the land tax has scarcely started to be explored.

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The correct entries were inferred by matching the county rate valuations. b Only wool and lamb tithes were reported. Most townships reporting tithes include the tithes on corn and hay, which are much larger, and sometimes vicarial tithes as well. The nature of the tithes in Exelby and Gatenby was not specified. Sources: 1824 valuations for the county rate, QFR 1/5; 1824 land tax duplicates, NYCRO. the tax was abolished in 1963. This generalization is substantially correct, and most studies, including this one, correctly refer to the parish and township quotas as ossified.

In most agricultural townships where tithes are identifiable they probably constituted between 5 and 10 percent of the taxable value by the end of the eighteenth century. 1). In counting acres, then, it is clear that tithes should somehow be excluded. But can they be? Certainly they cannot be excluded systematically in all townships. It is simply incorrect to suggest, as Hunt does, that all clerical proprietor entries represent tithes. Some clergymen were also independently wealthy and held vast estates, and innumberable small holdings, as many duplicates make abundantly clear.

It is inevitable that landholding categories be employed in such studies, but the categories must be filled by line entry counts that take fully into account the complexities of the farming community. 5 Without elaborating any further examples, it is perhaps sufficiently clear that linking names within or between land tax duplicates poses procedural problems which are severe and which bear substantial consequences. To choose a procedure is unavoidable. Even a decision never to link names constitutes a choice.

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