Download An Introduction to Design Science by Paul Johannesson, Erik Perjons PDF

By Paul Johannesson, Erik Perjons

This publication is an introductory textual content on layout technology, meant to aid either graduate scholars and researchers in structuring, project and providing layout technology paintings. It builds on tested layout technological know-how equipment in addition to contemporary paintings on offering layout technology reviews and moral rules for layout technological know-how, and likewise deals novel tools for visualizing the implications, either within the type of method diagrams and during a canvas layout. whereas the booklet doesn't presume any previous wisdom of layout technological know-how, it offers readers with a radical knowing of the topic and allows them to delve into a lot deeper aspect, because of vast sections on extra reading.

Design technological know-how in details platforms and expertise goals to create novel artifacts within the kind of versions, equipment, and structures that help humans in constructing, utilizing and conserving IT suggestions. This paintings makes a speciality of layout technological know-how as utilized to details platforms and expertise, however it additionally comprises examples from, and views of, different fields of human practice.

Chapter 1 offers an outline of layout technology and descriptions its ties with empirical examine. bankruptcy 2 discusses a few of the kinds and sorts of wisdom that may be used and produced via layout technology study, whereas bankruptcy three offers a quick evaluate of universal empirical examine ideas and techniques. bankruptcy four introduces a methodological framework for helping researchers in doing layout technology learn in addition to in providing their effects. This framework comprises 5 middle actions, that are defined intimately in Chapters five to nine. bankruptcy 10 discusses the way to speak layout technological know-how effects, whereas bankruptcy eleven compares the proposed methodological framework with equipment for structures improvement and exhibits how they are often mixed. bankruptcy 12 discusses how layout technological know-how pertains to study paradigms, specifically to positivism and interpretivism. finally, bankruptcy thirteen discusses moral matters and rules for layout technology research.

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Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014 P. Johannesson, E. 1007/978-3-319-10632-8_3 39 40 3 Research Strategies and Methods • Is it feasible, taking into account the resources of the research project? • Is it ethical, taking into account its possible effects on people, animals, and the environment? e. it should be able to help the researcher to find an answer to the research question under consideration. For example, an experiment can be helpful for identifying the cause of some event, but is probably less suitable for exploring an unknown topic.

A research strategy guides a researcher in planning, executing, and monitoring the study. While the research strategy provides useful support on a high level, it needs to be complemented with research methods that can guide the research work on a more detailed level. g. through interviews, questionnaires, or statistical methods. Thus, a research strategy offers high-level guidance, while a research method can be seen as a technique or tool for performing a specific task. As a number of different research strategies exist, a researcher to embark on a study needs to determine which one of these to choose.

Examples of explanatory and predictive knowledge: • Microorganisms can survive in dirt and infect people that come into contact with them. • Exposure to the ultraviolet radiation of sunlight may cause a burn of the skin, which may result in skin diseases. These statements both predict possible outcomes and explain them by describing the underlying mechanisms causing them. 6 Prescriptive Knowledge Prescriptive knowledge consists of prescriptive models and methods that help solve practical problems.

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